Claudius Richbourg & Unity Fox
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South Carolina Department of Archives and History  

Memorial of CLAUDIUS       Memorials     RICHBOURG       Vol. 11, pg. 266       200 A. Craven, 17 June 1772       1 pg .35

CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG      State Plats     498 A. - Camden              Vol. 32, pg. 326        1 pg .35         Dec. 9, 1794

CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG      State Grants    498 A. - Camden       Vol. 41, pg. 69       1 pg .35      Jan. 5, 1795

CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG      State Plats     486 A. - Sumter       Vol. 38, pg. 288       1 pg .35       Mar. 9, 1801

CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG      State Grants     486 A. - Sumter             Vol. 47, pg. 265        1 pg .35         April 6, 1801

Deed of Lease & Release      Charleston Co. Deeds     47'    CLAUDIUS RICHBURG & wife Vol. N-4       Wk 2182-83 pgs. 439-444 5  pgs 1.75

Lease & Release        Charleston Co. Deeds        89' CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG       Vol. P-4        Wk 2182-83 to Moses Thompson           pgs. 533-537      5 pgs 1.75

Deed of CLAUDIUS      Sumter Co. Deeds      27' RICHBOURG     Vol. AA, pp. 176-177     SU. c.1 Roll 9       2 pgs .70

Deed of Henry &        Sumter Co. Deeds      27'   James Richbourg       Vol. AA, pp. 178-179       SU. c.1 Roll 9         2 pgs .70

Will of CLAUDIUS       Sumter Co. Wills        22' RICHBOURG         Vol. 1, Book AA       AD 554        pgs. 94 & 95       2 pgs .70

Indenture of John       Sumter Co. Deeds       18' Richbourg Executor of        Vol. A, pp. 278-280       SU. c.1 Roll 1 CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG        3 pgs 1.05

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        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG was the son of Anne Chastain and Rev. Claude Philippe de Richebourg who came from England (originally from France) about 1700. In the 1850's CLAUDIUS fought the Cherokees in the Indian wars. His sons fought in the Revolutionary War. John was a Captain and son Henry fought for both sides. For this he was exiled to England, but was pardoned and allowed to return.

        Son James was Justice of Peace - Camden Dist. 1791 & son William was Commissioned as sheriff of Clarendon Co. 1 Oct 1789. He was also Justice of the Quorum & he left a large estate.

        CLAUDIUS served in Indian War of 1759-60, under the Command of Col. Richard Richardson, and it is believed for this service, received in 1765 one of the earliest land grants in Sumter Dist, on headwaters of Jack's Creek, a branch of the Santee River.

        Revolutionary Claims in the Lower South--p. 37 - A list of property taken or destroyed by Indians belonging to Nathaniel Richbourg who was killed at Ft. Mims on 30 August 1813 ($1,207.00) by son Wade.

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SUMTER COUNTY SOUTH CAROLINA

RICHBOURG, CLAUDIUS P. 15 Sumter Co. Grant 1765

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HISTORY OF SUMTER COUNTY Anne King Gregorie p. 15

        A number of the later settlers of the Wateree came from the Huguenot families of French Jamestown on the Santee. CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG obtained grants in 1765.

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CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG per J. Grunewald

Hon. Sam J. Ervin, Jr.: (1)

        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG, the youngest son of Claude Philippe de Richbourg, and his wife, Anne Chastain, was about three years of age at the time of his father's death.

        After attaining maturity, he acquired substantial holdings in land on Jack's Creek and the Santee River in that portion of Craven County which subsequently became Clarendon County. Here he pursued the calling of a planter, and spent the remainder of his days. The tax lists of Clarendon County reveal that at the time of his death he owned 1050 acres of land and 12 slaves.

        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG of Clarendon made his Will 2-16-1778, prb. 9-6-1788; to Son Henry Richbourg 1 negro; to son James Richbourg 1 negro; to son John Richbourg 1 negro; to son Nathaniel Richbourg 1 negro; to son William Richbourg 1 negro; to daughter Unity Gayle 1 negro; to daughter Susannah Richbourg 1 negro; to wife Unity...after wife's death divided between all children; Execs. : 3 sons Henry, James, John Richbourg; Witn.: R. G. Dennis, Jos. Joyner, Thos. Avery. (2)

        3-27-1790, Henry, James & John Richbourg, Execs. of dec'd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG sold to Thos. Cassity 200 a. on Jacks Cr., bd: S&E - John Richbourg, N-Richard Singleton, being part of 2 tracts:1) granted 10-12-1771 to John Sullivan, 2) granted CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG 1-9-1765; Plat: CLAUDIUS had laid off these 200 acres to his son William Richbourg, Wntn.: George Brunson, Henry White. (3) CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG bought 8-20/21-1774 from John Sullivan 500 a. (on Jacks Cr.) in Craven Co., granted John Sulivan 10/12/1771, bound: W - Jas Evans and CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG, N - James Richbourg, all other sides vacant; Witn.: Joseph Fox, William Thomson (4): on 11-8-1799, Henry and James Richbourg sold 300 of these acres to John Richbourg (5). 9-3-1828 David Hopper dec'd sold to Wm. A. Colclough 268 acres in Clarendon on Horsepond Savannah - the most northwest half of original grant to CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG for 300 acres on 8-7-1753 (6). The only grant found for CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG: 10-17-1753 survey for CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG for 300 a. north of Santee, bound by all vacant land (7): granted 1-9-1755 (8). His land on Horsepond Savannah bounded by Richard Mims 2-4-1756 (9). 3-6-1762 John Evans land on Jacks Cr. bounded by "path to Richbourg's water mill." (10) 1788 Tax List for Clarendon: James Richbourg for the Estate of CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG - 11 slaves and 300 acres. (11) From the index to early deeds registered in Charleston there are 2 from CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG to Moses Thompson: Book N-4, p. 439 1774-75 and Book P-4, p. 533 1775-77. (12)

        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG was married at least twice; to UNITY from his Will and Elizabeth from a conveyance. CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG and wife Elizabeth conveyed a tract of land to George Haid 9-7-1745. (13) From the Rev. War Pensions application of son John Richbourg: "...he entered the service as a volunteer in a company commanded by Capt. Richard Richardson his Subalterns were Henry Richbourg, James Richbourg and Nathaniel Richbourg (who were the brothers of this deponent)...at Quinby Bridge...in this...Lieutenant Fox (an uncle of this deponent) was wounded... (14)

        "There is an advertisement in the Gazette of March 17, 1764 offering a tract of 200 acres of land in St. James, Santee, for sale. This advertisement was placed by CLAUDIUS RICHEBOURG, and recites that it was originally a tract of land granted to John Barnett in 1705, who conveyed it to my mother, Anne de Richbourg and directs that anyone interested treat with Mr. Peter Porcher in Charles Towne, where the deeds may be seen, or with the subscriber in St. Mark's Parish, about 25 miles from Nelson's Ferry. It is signed by Claudius Richebourg.

        Comments: If Miss Revill was correct in copying the Memorial - CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG was married to an Elizabeth in 1745, making her the probable mother of some of the sons at least. John Richbourg's Rev. War pension establishes his birthyear as 1747 - he is listed 3rd in CLAUDIUS's Will. If CLAUDIUS named the sons in order of birth - there is hardly time for the 2 - Henry and James - to be sons of UNITY - providing of course that UNITY was mother of John.

(1) TRANSACTIONS OF THE HUGUENOT SOCIETY OF SOUTH CAROLINA, No. 78, published Columbia 1973: "The Richbourg Family of South Carolina", Sam J. Ervin,,Jr., p. 70.

(2) Sumter, S.C., Wills AA, 209 per late Wilhelm Von Hacke - hence as VH.

(3) Sumter, Conv. A, 278 per VH.

(4) Sumter, Conv. AA, 176 per VH.

(5) Sumter, Conv. AA, 178 per VH.

(6) Sumter, Conv. H, 24 per VH.

(7) S.C. Archives, Plat Bk RII, 457 per VH.

(8) S.C. Archives, Grant Bk 6, 229 per VH.

(9) S.C. Archives, Plat Bk 6, 90 per VH.

(10) S.C. Archives, Plat Bk 7, 436 per VH.

(11) Von Hacke file for CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG - no source.

(12) AN INDEX TO DEEDS OF THE PROVINCE AND STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA 1719-1785 AND CHARLESTON DISTRICT 1785-1800, Silas E. Lucas Jr., Easley, S.C. 1977: p. 380.

(13) SUMTER DISTRICT, Janie Revill, Columbia 1968; p. 9; Source cited as Memorial Vol. 7, p. 486.

(14) Xerox of actual papers of Rev. War Pension Application for John Richbourg, on file General Service Adm., Washington, D.C.

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James Richbourg, son of CLAUDIUS from Jean Grenewald

        James Richbourg inherited 1 negro from his father CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG 2-16-1778, and was one of the Executors of his father Claudius' will.

        1788 Tax List for Clarendon: James Richbourg - 12 slaves, 1,050 acres; also for the estate of CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG. 1790 Clarendon Census as Sr.: 3 males over 16, 2 males under 16, 4 females. 1800 Sumter Census, Clarendon: 2 m 1-9, 1 m 45 or over, 1 f 1-9, 3 f 10-15, 1 f 16-25, 1 f 26-44, 23 slaves

        1-15-1772 a survey for James Richbourg for 400 a. on waters of Jacks Cr., bound: W-his land, John Sullivan, all other sides vacant. Not dated a survey for James Richbourg for 200 a. on Big Branch of Jacks Cr., bonne: all vacant. He had rec a grant for 100 ac. on Jacks Cr. on 5-21-1764, and a grant for 400 a. Jacks Creek on 12-3-1771; he sold both to Richard Singleton. 8-7-1784 survey for Jas. Richbourg for 400 a. on (both sides of) Sammy Sw., bound: Henry Richbourg, all other sides vacant. 9-6-1784 survey for Jas. Richbourg for 150 a. on Jacks Cr., bound: Richard Dennis, vacant, vacant, Jas. Richbourg, John... 8-31-1784 survey for James Richbourg for 200 a. on Jacks Cr., bound: vacant, vacant. Jas. Richbourg, CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG. As James Richbourg Sr., a warrant 4-7-1802, survey 5-3-1802 for 334 a. on Big Branch on an E prong of Jacks Creek bound: Jas. Richbourg, John Richbourg, Newton, grant to Unity Nesbit, Francis Lesesne, Peter Dardelia.

        Soon after the Rev. War began, James Richbourg was in the volunteer company of Capt. Richard Richardson, according to his brother John Richbourg's sworn statement for a pension for Rev. War service. DAR PATRIOT INDEX: James Richbourg born 1735, die 1804, married Mrs. Levisea Maples, performed Patriotic Service in South Carolina.

        James Richbourg was married at least twice as will be shown in the following deeds. James Richbourg of St. marks parish and wife Recebba sold on 4-12-1787 to Richard Singleton 700 acres in 3 tracts on Jacks Cr., Santee River; Witn.: P. Dardelia, Hughes Fournieu. These 700 acres on Jacks Cr. are as follows from a Plat made 11-24-1814: 287 1/2 acres survey for 200 a. for him 3-2-1772: 106 3/4 acres surv'd for 100 a. for him 5-21-1764; 486 acres surv'd for 400 a. for him 1-15-1772.

        Of Clarendon, Jas. Richbourg bought 2-11-1795 from John Nelson 100 a. on Taw-Caw Sw. On 2-11-1795, he bought 100 a. on Taw Caw Sw. from James Nelson. On 2-19-1795 he bought from Susanna Richbourg the 3rd 100 a. same location. On 2-20-1795, James Richbourg Sr. and wife Lovici (X) sold the same 300 acres on Taw Caw to Robert Dingle: Witn.: Wm. and Solomon Buddin.

        James Richbourg Sr. made his will 8-28-1803, probated 1-7-1804: wife Lavisia, dau. Isabella L. Nelson, dau. Susanna Terry, dau Elizabeth Richbourg, dau. Mary Gayle, sons Joseph and Daniel Dela Richbourg, dau. in law Dorothy Maples, granddau. Margaret Bosher, under age: Exec.: Mathew James, Henry Richbourg: Witn: Chas. Brunson Sr. & Narcissus Graham.

        1810 Sumter Census, Clarendon - Louisa Richbourg: 2 m 10-15, 1 f 45 or +, 8 slaves. 2-13-1811, Louisa Richbourg's land bound on Jacks Creek. Louisa Richbourg had died before 1-10-1817 when Joseph Richbourg was appointed Adm. of her estate. The DAR records previously mentioned stated that James Richbourg married Mrs. Levisea Maples. James Richbourg's Will mentioned a dau. in law Dorothy Maples; certainly at that time, the expression "dau. in law" was often used to denote a "dau. by law" or stepdaughter. However, the marital status of Louisa (or Levisea or Lovici or Lavisia, as she appears on various records) cannot be proved by this compiler. She may have been the widow of a Maples with a daughter Dorothy, although the late Wilhelm Von Hacks found no records in Sumter District to establish this. The 10-24-1793 Will of Mary Maples, widow of Thos. Maples Sr., named among her grandchildren one Dorothy Maples, and as a living daughter one Lovey Maples. If this Lovey Maples was the dau. of Mary Maples and not the widow of a son, and if Lovey was she who appears as Louisa, Levisea, Lovici, etc. - then she may have been unmarried with a child when she married James Richbourg.

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Charleston, South Carolina Bk N-4 p439-44 & Bk P-4 p533-7

Claudius Richbourg & Wife This Indenture made the tenth day to of Sept in the year of our Lord one Moses Thompson, Release Thousand seven Hundred and seventy four and in the Fourteenth year of the reign of our Soverign Lord George the third by the Grace of God & Great Britton France & Ireland King Defender of faith & so forth Between CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife in St. marks Parish in Craven County & in the Province of South Carolina Planter of the one part & Thompson in Raven County in the Province of North Carolina Planter of the other part Witnesseth that in hand in consideration of the Sum of Three Hundred Pounds current money of the Province to him the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife in Hand by the sd Moses Thompson at & before the Sealing & Delivery of these presents the Receipt whereof the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife doth hereby acknowledge & thereof every part & part & parcel thereof doth Execute acquit release & discharge the sd Moses Thompson his heirs Executors & admors & every of them power by these Presents they the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife hath granted Bargained sold aliened released & confirmed & by these presents doth fully clearly & absolutely grant bargain sell alien release & confirm unto the sd Moses Thompson in his Bargain & sale to him thereof made by the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife for one whole year by Indenture therein bearing Date the Day next before the day of the sale of these& by and of the Therefore hereby to accept & take a grant & release of the Revision & Inheritance of the same & his heirs forever. In witness whereof the sd parties to these presents have moreunto Interchangeably set their Hand & seal the Day & year first above written       CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG LS            Joseph Fox

Peter Hatchet Received the day & year within written of the above named Moses Thompson five shillings it being thefor the consideration money within mentioned    CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG

Camden District & personally appeared being named duly made oath known be CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG Sign seal & deliver the within lease or Instrument of writing to Moses Thompson & that he did see the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG sign the Receipt herein desired for consideration money & that here with this did subscribe their names as witness at the same time recorded that known this 20 Oct 1774 before me Examined the           7 Day of                                                   Nathl Moore J.P.                         February 1775

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Bn N-4 p439-44    CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & WIFE

This Indenture made  to Moses Thompson - Lease - the ninth day of September in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred & Seventy four in the Fourteenth year of the reign of Soverign Lord George the third the Grace of God of Great Britain France & Ireland King Defender of the faith & so forth Between CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife in craven County in St. marks Parish & in the Province of South Carolina Planter of the one part & Moses Thompson in Rowan Co. in the Province of North Carolina of the other part Witnesseth that for & in consideration of the sum of five shillings lawful current money to the sd province to him in hand will and truly paid by the sd Moses Thompson at & before the sealing & delivery hereof the receipt whereof whereby acknowledged hath Bargained & sold & by these presents doth Bargain & sell unto the sd Moses Thompson his executors Admrs & assigns a certain Plantation or Tract of land situate lying & being in Craven County the North side of Santee River. Bounding at the time of the original survey thereof on all sides vacant lands running from a line NW 40 56 chs 77 links to a stake then North East 50.54 chs 77 links to a stake thence SE 40.54 chains 77 links to a line. Thence SE 40.44 chains 77 links to a line thence SW 50.44 chs 77 links to the beginning part running three hundred acres be the same more or less as by and grant thereof under the seal of the N province bearing date the ninth day of January in the year of our lord one Thousand Seven Hundred & fifty five of reference there unto had will use fully and at large together with all & singular the gardens orchards farming? wells? under waters water courses Easements Hereditaments & appurtenances whatsoever to the sd three hundred acres of land belonging or in any wise appertaining & the revision & revisions remainder & remainders thereof and every part & parcel thereof to have & to hold the sd plantation or tract of land & all & singular other the before mentioned & Intended to be hereby bargained & sold & ?way tract & parcel thereof with these & every of these appurtenances unto the sd Moses Thompson his heirs executors Admrs and assigns from the Day what before the day of the date of these presents for & during the full year & unto the full & sum of one whole year from thense next commencing & fuly to be completed &* yielding & thereof unto the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG his Executors & the rent of one Pepper Corn on the last Day of the sd Term of the Time shall be lawfully demanded to the intent & purpose that the sd Moses Thompson by virtue Thereof & by force of the for Transfering into may be in the of Transfer herein before mentioned & Interest to be hereby began & sold & every part & parcel thereof with them of their & maybe unto his heirs and assigns forever all that tract of land or Plantation lying & Situate & being in Craven County the North side of Santee River at the time of the thereof on all named lands running from a large Pine NW 40.44 chs 77 links to a stake thence NE 50.54 chs 77 links to a stake thence SE 40.56 chs 77 links to a Pine thence SW 50.50 chs 77 links to the Begining containing three hundred acres be the same more or less as by a Plat & grant thereof under the seal of the sd Province bearing date the ninth day of January in the year of our lord one thousand Seven hundred & fifty five as of record reference therein to had all more fully and at large appear together with all ?road ?Singular the gardens orchards Fences ways with waters water houses Execments? profits commodities advantages & Heriditaments & appurtenances whatsoever to the sd Belonging or in any way appertaining & the revision & revisions Remainder & Remainders Rents House & Profits thereof & of any Part & parcel thereof & also all the estate right title interest Possession Properly profit claim ?Donand whatsoever either in law or Equity of them the sd CLAUDIOUS RICHBURG & UNITY his wife of in unto the sd Premissor & all deeds Records & writings touching or in any wise bearing the same. To Have & to hold the sd described Plantation or tract of land & singular all & other the premises hereby granted & released & any part & member thereof with them & every of the appurtenances unto the sd Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns for ever the only proper use & behoof of him the sd Moses Thompson & of his heirs & assigns forever & to & for the we whatsoever & they th sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife & their Heirs Executors & administrators Doth con?ant forever and agree and to with the sd Moses Thompson his Heirs Executors Admrs. & assigns by these presents that they the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBURG & UNITY his wife was of the Town of & of their Seized true perfect & absolute Estate of in the transfer hereby granted & & that they have not or whatsoever whereby the sd three Hundred acres of land & Premises or any part parcel or member thereof on us shall or may be Impeached or or Estate or however Person or Persons whom in that they the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBURG & UNITY his wife with & absolute authority to grant & convey thereto the sd Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns in Manner & form aforesaid & that the sd Thompson More free & clear & party in acquitted & discharged of & from all & their grants bargain runways Judgment Exclusion& Incumbrances whatsoever to the hereof the rents to you our Soverign lord George the and one half Int in all the fold & silver mines ther of sd the king and further that they the P their heirs all and singular the hereby granted & released with these & every of them unto the Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns against them the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife & their heirs & assigns Person & Persons whatsoever shall & will warrant & forever & defend by these presents & that they the sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife these shall & will at all hereafter or before the make of request & at the & of the sd Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns make consideration to be made done & executed all such further Reasonable for the future & & of With these appertances of me the sd Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns by the sd Moses Thompson his heirs & assigns only consideration with

Signed Whereof the Sd CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG & UNITY his wife by their hand this the Day & year first above written Sealed in the Presence

Name CLAUDIUS RICHBURG LS

Name UNITY RICHBURG LS

 

INCURRED THE DAY & YEAR FIRST WITHIN WRITTEN OF THE WITHIN SAID MOSES THOMPSON THE SUM OF THREE HUNDRED POUNDS CURRENT MONEY OF SOUTH CAROLINA & BEING THE FULL CONSIDERATION MONEY WITHIN MENTIONED?  

May recd by us Joseph Fox CLAUDIUS RICHBURG

Peter Millet Camden District Memorandum that on the 21 day of October 1774 Personally appeared before me Nathnl Moore one of her majesties Justices of the Peace for the sd District Peter Millet & duly made oath in the Holy Evangelists that he was present & did see CLAUDIUS RICHBURG & UNITY RICHBURG his wife sign seal & as their act & deed deliver the within release as Instrument of writing to Moses Thompson for the use within mentioned & that he did see CLAUDIUS RICHBURG sign the Warrant for the Consideration money & that he did see Joseph Fox within himself subscribe his name as witness therefore Recorded & Examd This the 8th Day of The day above mentioned                                      February 1775

Nathnl Morris J.P.

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South Carolina)  Sumter District)  Know all men by these Presents that the CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG, Hugh Richbourg, Henry Richbourg and William Richbourg of the District and State aforesaid and and firmly Bound unto William Taylor Esquire ordinary for the District of Sumter in the Full and Just sum of Eight thousand Dollars to be paid to the Said William Taylor or his of the district and together certain along or assigns to which payment will and hereby to be made, we bind ourselves and every of us and every of our heirs, Executors and administrators for the whole and in the whole jointly and Severally firmly by these Presents, sealed between our Seale and dated the twenth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and thirteen and in the thirty-seventh year of American Independence.

The Condition of this obligation is said that if the above bounder CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG and Hugh Richbourg administrators of the goods Chattles and Credits of Captn. William Richbourg late of said District do make or cause to be made and have and perfect. Inventory of all and Singular the goods, Chattles together said Deceased, which have or shall come to the lands or possessions on knowledge of the said CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG and Hugh Richbourg or unto the hands or possessions of any other person for them and the same do exhibit unto the said county of ordinary for Sumter District at such time as they shall be thereunto required by the said county and the same goods chattles and credits do will and hereby administer according to law and made a Just and here account of their actings and doings when by law required and further do will and hereby pay all the debts of said Deceased as for as the said goods Chattels and credits to all the land and the law Require these this obligated to be paid or else it remain in full force and

Signed Sealed and Delivered         CLAUD RICHBOURG SEAL

In presents of                                     Hugh Richbourg SEAL

Henry Richbourg                               Henry Richbourg SEAL

                                                               ?Wm. Richbourg SEAL

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HUGUENOT SOCIETY OF SOUTH CAROLINA

P. 38-9 CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG'S Wife

        Chovine Richardson Clark of Manning, South Carolina, a Committee member of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, has deposited in the Library a Richbourg document which will be of great genealogical value to Richbourg records in that it seems to provide conclusive evidence as to the identity of the wife of CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG. Mr. Clarks's letter below accompanying the document points out further details of genealogical interest:

        "I secured from the National Archives at Washington the attached four-page sworn statement of John Richbourg, Sr., made in 1833 in connection with his application for a federal pension based on his service in the Revolutionary War, under the pension law passed in 1821, when John was 85 years old. You will note on line S, page 1, that John Richbourg, Sr., lists Henry, James and Nathaniel Richbourg as being in the same outfit with him and stating that they were his brothers (a fighting family, I would say, to come down from a notable man of religion). John gives his own birth date as August 23, 1747, near the bottom of page 3.

        Then, on line 19 from the bottom of page 2, John names one of the officers of his company as Lieut. Fox, whom he said was his uncle. I have seen some references indicating that John's father (CLAUDIUS) married Unity Ridgill, but your records show it was UNITY FOX, which I believe is correct. If Lieut. Fox was John Richbourg's uncle I should think his mother had to be a Fox (no pun)...

        P. 68 CLAUDIUS RICHEBOURG, who is the subject of a separate sketch, pursued he calling of a planter in the part of Craven County, S. C. which subsequently became Clarendon County.

        P. 70-4 CLAUDIUS RICHBOURGH:

        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURGH, the youngest son of Claude Philippe de Richebourg, and his wife, Anne Chastain, was about three years of age at the time of his father's death.

        After attaining maturity, he acquired substantial holdings in land on Jack's Creek and the Santee River in that portion of Craven County which subsequently became Clarendon County. Here he pursued the calling of a planter, and spent the remainder of his days. The tax lists of Clarendon County revealed that at the time of his death he owned 1050 acres of land and 12 slaves.

        The will of CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG gives the Christian name of his wife as UNITY, and discloses that he had five sons and two daughters. They were:

i. Henry Richbourg, who supported the colonies in their fight for independence during the Revolution by supplying provisions for Continental soldiers and the state militia. (1) Henry Richbourg was listed in the census of l1800 for Clarendon County as "Henry Richbourgh, Senr.," and as the head of a family consisting of one free white male of 45 years and upwards, three free white males between 16 and 26 years, three free white males between 10 and 16 years, one free white male under 10 years, one free white female of 45 years and upwards, one free white female under 10 years, and fifteen slaves. (2)

ii. James Richbourg, who is the subject of a separate sketch.

iii. John Richbourg, who was born August 23, 1747, and died November 29, 1838. (3) He served as a Captain in Colonel Sumter's Regiment, South Carolina line: during the Revolution. (4) He also aided in winning American Independence by furnishing supplies to the South Carolina Militia. (5) In 1773, Captain John Richbourg married Mary Long who was born in 1755 and died in 1775, survived by a son Nathaniel Richbourg, who married Susan Holliday. After Mary Long's death, Captain Richbourg contracted a second marriage with Sarah Abbott. Captain Richbourg was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as "John Richbourg, Sen." and as the head of a family consisting of one free white male of 45 years and upward, two free white males between 16 and 26 years, one free white male between 10 and 16 years, one free white male under 10 years, one free white female of 45 years and upward, one free white female between 16 and 26 years, and seven slaves. (7)

iv. Nathaniel Richbourg who was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as "Nathaniel Richbourg. Senr.: and as the hear of a family consisting of one free white male of 45 years and upward, one free white male between 10 and 16 years, one free white male under 10, one free white female of 45 years and upward, one free white female between 10 and 16 years, one free white male under 10, one free white female of 45 years and upward, one free white female between 10 and 16 years, two free white females under 10 years, and sixteen slaves. (8)

v. William Richbourg, who assisted in establishing American Independence by serving in the South Carolina militia and by supplying horses, pistols, and equipment to General Francis Marion's Brigade. (9) He was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as the head of a family consisting of one free white male of 45 years and upward, one free white male between 16 and 26 years, tow free white males between 10 and 16 years, two free white males under 10 years, one free white female between 16 and 26 years, and nineteen slaves.

vi. Unity Richbourg, whose husband's surname was Gayle. (10)

vii. Susannah Richbourg.

        CLAUDIUS RICHBOURGH died prior to September 6, 1788, the day on which Thomas Avery, one of the subscribing witnesses to his will, made oath as to its execution before John Ridgill, a justice of the peace of Clarendon County. All available data indicates that he was then about 72 years of age.

        The will appears of record in the office of the Judge of Probate of Sumter county and reads as follows:

In the name of God Amen

I, CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG of Craven County in the Province of South Carolina of St. marks, planter, being of perfect health and of perfect mind and memory thanks be to Almighty God, and calling to remembrance the mortality of any Body and that it is ordained for all men once to die, do make and declare this my last will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say, first and principally I recommend my soul into the hands of God, beseeching him to forgive me all my sins through the merits of Jesus Christ my blessed redeemer, and my body I bequeath to the earth to be buried at the discretion of my executors hereafter named. And as touching such goods and worldly estate it hath pleased God to bless me with I give and bequeath and devise of the same in manner and form following:

Imprimis - it is my will, request and order that all my just debts be first of all duly paid and discharged.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved son Henry Richbourg a negroe man by name Minsor to him the said Henry Richbourg, his heirs and assigns forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved son James Richbourg one negroe boy to the said James Richbourg, his heirs and assigns forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved son John Richbourg one negroe girl by name Celia with her issue and increase to him the said John Richbourg, his heirs and assigns forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved son Nathaniel Richbourg a negroe boy by name Sandy to him Nathaniel Richbourg during his life and after his death to the lawful heirs of his body forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved son William Richbourg one negore girl by name Kiah with her issue and increase to him the said William Richbourg, his heirs and assigns forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Unity Gayle a negroe girl by name Maria with her issue and increase to her the said Unity Gayle during her life and after her decease then to the heirs of her body forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Susannah Richbourg one negroe girl by name Betsey with her issue and increase to her the said Susannah and after her decease then to the heirs of her body forever.

Item - I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife Unity Richbourg all the remainder of my estate of what kind, nature or denomination whatsoever it may be, or wheresoever it may be found at the time of my decease and both real and personal during her life, and my will and pleasure is that my said wife UNITY RICHBOURG shall have freely possession and enjoyment of the same without any molestation or hindrance whatsoever from or by my executors or to the children during her life and further that after her decease then I give and bequeath all my estate real and personal wheresoever and in what nature or kind soever that was in her possession to be equally divided among Henry Richbourg, James Richbourg, John Richbourg, Nathaniel Richbourg, William Richbourg, Unity Gayle and Susannah Richbourg to be equally and impartially shared and divided between them share and share alike to them or their heirs and assigns forever.

Lastly - I nominate, constitute and appoint my three sons Henry, James and John Richbourg executors of this my last will and testament revoking and disannuling all other former will or wills, testament or testaments, in witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal the sixteenth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand and seven hundred and seventy eight and further it is my will all that part of my estate that falls to my son Nathaniel and Unity Gayle, that after their deaths it shall return to the heirs of their bodies forever.

CLAUDIUS RICHBOURG SEAL

[Signed, sealed, published and declared by the testator to be his last will and testament in presence of

R. G. Dennis                                                                                                 Joseph Joyner                                                                                          Thomas Avery.

Recorded in Will Book AA, page 209, Sept. 6, 1818, Bundle 86, pkg. 5, Sumter County wills.]

    On October 18, 1788, the will of CLAUDIUS RICHBOURGH was proved before the Judges of Clarendon County, and his sons, Henry Richbourg, James Richbourg, and John Richbourg qualified a its executors.

(1) On July 27, 1785, the South Carolina Commissioners of the Treasury issued an indented certificate to Henry Richbourg for 29 pounds, 2 shillings, and 1 penny for provisions furnished by him to Continental and State troops in 1780, 1781, 1782, and 1783. A. S. Salley, Jr.: STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS ISSUED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION, Book V, page 137, No. 285.

(2) Henry Richbourg, Jr., was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as the head of a family consisting of one free white male between 16 and 26, one free white male under 10, one free white female between 16 and 26, one free white female under 10, and 1 slave.

(3) Dr. Robert Wilson MMS relating to Claude Philippe de Richebourg's family.

(4) Lineage Book No. 77, pages 43-44. See, also Jayne Caraway Garhington Pruitt: REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSION APPLICANTS WHO SERVED FROM SOUTH CAROLINA, page 44. The South Carolina Commisisoners of the Treasury issued two indented certificates to John Richbourg on account of his Revolutionary service as a soldier. On October 28, 1785, they issued a certificate "to John Richbourg, for 20 pounds, 15 shillings, for 83 days duty in 1780 per accounts audited on which no interest is allowed until one year's int becomes due". A. S. Salley, Jr.: STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS LISTED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION, Book Y, page 30, No. 158 and on June 11, 1786 they issued a certificate to "John Richbourg, Lieut., for 4 pounds 5 shillings, stlg for pay due him while a prisoner in 1789 and 1781 P. acct audited." A. S. Salley, Jr.: STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS LISTED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION, Book, Y, page 188. No. 1314.

(5) On August 7, 1784, The South Carolina Commissioners of the Treasury issued an indented certificate "Mr. John Richbourgh for 35 pounds, 10 shillings and 10 pence farthing for sundries for militia use in 1781 and 1782 as pr account audited.: Wyhna Anne Waters: STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS ISSUED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION, Book II, page 111, No 254.

(6) Dr. Robert Wilson, MSS.

 (7) John Richbourgh, Jr. was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as the head of a family consisting of one free white male between 16 and 26, one free white male between 10 and 16, one free white female between 26 and 45.

(8) Nathaniel Richbourg, Jr. was listed in the census of 1800 for Clarendon County as the head of a family consisting of one free white male between 16 and 26, one free white male under 10, one free white female between 16 and 26, one free white female under 10, and one slave.

(9) On August 7, 1784, the Sough Carolina Commissioners of the Treasury issued an indented certificate "to Mr. William Richbourgh, for 5 pounds, 7 shillings, and a penny sterling for 117 days militia duty in 1782 as per accounts audited. Wylma Ann Waters STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS LISTED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION, Book H, page 111, No 253): and on August 31, 1785, they issued a second indented certificate "to William Richbourg for 31 pounds, 10 shillings, and 9 pence for 2 horses, 1 pr pistols, and 2 saddles and bridles for Genl. Marion's Brigade in 1781 per warrant audited" A. S. Salley, Jr.: STUB ENTRIES TO INDENTS ISSUED IN PAYMENT OF CLAIMS AGAINST SOUTH CAROLINA GROWING OUT OF THE REVOLUTION BOOK X, page 26, No. 154.

(10) The Census of 1790 for Clarendon County discloses two heads of families bearing the surname Gayle, one being listed as Josiah Gale and the other being listed as Caleb Gale.

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