ROBERT LEMON died in Dekalb County, Georgia, on December 21,1843, leaving a considerable estate. At that time his son James Lemon of Cobb County, Georgia, produced a paper in writing said to be ROBERT's will. It appointed James executor.
Robert Willis Roebuck, son of the late Elizabeth Lemon Roebuck and Willis Roebuck, and Grandson of ROBERT LEMON petitioned the Court saying ROBERT LEMON was of unsound mind before his death and never did sign, seal, publish, and declare the paper as his will.
The Court ordered James Lemon to appear at the next Court term the first Monday in March 1845 to show cause why the will he submitted should not be revoked. A copy of this petition and Court order follows Robert Willis Roebuck's history.
1790 Chester Co., S. C. Census
1 male 16 years & up
1800 Pendleton District, S. C. Census
1 male 0 - 10 years
1 male 26 - 45 years
3 females 0 - 10 years
1 female 26 - 45 years
1820 Pendleton District S. C. Census
1 male 16 - 18 years
2 males 16 - 26 years
1 male 45 years & up
3 female 10 - 16 years
1 female 16 - 26 years
1 female 45 years & up
1830 Dekalb County, Georgia Census
1 male under 5 years
1 male 60 - 70 years
1 female 15 - 20 years
1 female 20 - 30 years
1 female 50 - 60 years
THE FIRST HUNDRED YEARS A Short History of Cobb County, In
Georgia by Sarah Blackwell Gober Temple
p. 60 Robert and John Lemon, who came into Cobb soon after the County was organized, were the sons of ROBERT LEMON and MARY ANDERSON. ROBERT LEMON, SR., was the son of James Lamant, Lemant, or Lemont (the name has undergone various spellings) and Mary Smythe or Smyth, both of them born in County Antrim, Ireland. The family originally lived in Scotland, but moved to Ireland in pursuit of religious freedom. James Lemant and Martha Smyth were married in 1763. In 1773, the family came to America, landing in Charleston, S.C., and going from there to Chester District, where they bought land near Fishing Creek Church. It was after the Lemants came to America that the final letter of the name was dropped and the spelling was for a time Leman, later sometimes Lemmond, and then Lemon.
The family was shortly to take its part in the War of the Revolution, for James Lemon fought with the troupes of his adopted country. His wife, Martha, had a singularly disconcerting experience, when, English troops thinking that her husband was home on leave, a rope was placed about her neck and she was threatened with hanging unless she divulged information concerning his whereabouts.
Her scorn for such a procedure was as great as her courage, and the British soldiers learned nothing from her. Her daughter Jane, or Jeanette, as she was usually called, played her part also, for she acted as courier for General Sumter, and upon at least one occasion carried a dispatch concealed in the double heel which she had knitted into her stocking, a feat which bespeaks her prowess as a needlewoman as well as her poise and courage.
Jeanette's brother ROBERT, who was born in Ireland in 1768, married MARY ANDERSON, in Chester in 1793. Removing to Pendleton Dist., S.C., he later moved to Decatur, Georgia, where he lived until his death. his 3 sons were James born in 1794; John born in 1801; Robert born in 1803. All of these sons lived in Cobb County, John and Robert being pioneer settlers, James moving to the County about 1843. James Lemon was a Justice of the inferior court in DeKalb in the late eighteen twenties and thirties, and also a Representative from DeKalb in the state Legislature in 1837 and 1838.
James Lemon married Mary Brown Telford in 1817, upon their removal to Cobb, they settled near Acworth, and the family name was continued to be linked with the development and progress of that portion of the Country. Two of James and Mary Telford Lemon's sons, Smith and James Lyle Lemon, founded the S. Lemon Banking Company in Ackworth, and were among the organizers of the Acworth Presbyterian Church in 1881. James Lyle Lemon, afterward Captain of Co. A, 18th Ga. Regiment, C.S. A., married Elizabeth Jane Davenport. Smith Lemon married first Sarah Amanda Anderson; second, Annie Elizabeth Smith; third Hanna Melissa Chastain.
Among James and Mary Telford Lemon's other children, besides James Lyle and Smith Lemon, Louisa, Married J. P. Anderson' George married Susan Kine; Isabella married Daniel Collins in 1846; Sarah Ann married Edward S. Groves in 1850; Ann Maria married Henry Grogan in 1849.
I have no record of the marriage of John Lemon, the son of ROBERT LEMON and MARY ANDERSON. John Lemon was the first merchant in Marietta, in 1833, and was a staunch citizen of the town, participating in all movements for its upbuilding until his death in 1848. His brother Robert, married twice, the name of the first wife is doubtful, but she was possibly a Miss Cox; the second wife was Lucinda Hall. Among his children the family names of James, John, William, and Robert were repeated.
Deed Martha and son ROBERT LEMON of Pendleton Co., SC 1789
This Indenture, made this Seventeenth Day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and eighty nine, and in the fourteenth year of American Independence Between William MacMahan and Mary his wife of the County of Pendleton and State of South Carolina, Farmers of one part, and Martha Leman, Senr and ROBERT LEMAN, her son, of the county and state aforesaid of the other part; witnesseth, That for and in consideration of the sum of Forty Pounds Sterling to the said William McMahan and Mary his Wife, in hand paid by the said Martha Leman and ROBERT her son, at and before the Ensealing and Delivery of these presents, the receipt and payment whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath given, granted, bargained, sold, aliened, ensealed, and confirmed and by these presents doth give, grant, bargain, sell, alien, enforce, and absolutely convey and confirm unto the said Martha Leman and ROBERT her son, their Heirs and Assigns, for ever, a certain Tract or Parcel of Land containing one hundred and Fifty Acres, said lands being a part of a tract containing by estimation three hundred acres and was granted to John Calhoun by patent bearing date the tenth day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand seven Hundred and Eighty-four, and in the ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America, and conveyed and sold by the above John Calhoun unto William McMahan, as will appear by the Records of the State, Reference being thereunto had may more fully appear With the appurtenances Situate, lying and being on the three and twenty mile creek, waters of Savanna River Beginning at a Black Oak on the East Side of the creek; thence N. 55 W. 56 Chains to a stake by a post oak; thence S. 25, W. 28 Chains 50 L to a stake; thence S. 55 E. 50 C 80 L. to a stake thence N. 35 E 26 Cs 30Ls to the Beginning. Situate lying and being as aforesaid, with theirs and every of their rights, members, and appurtenances what soever and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of and singular the said lands, tenement, Hereditiments and premises hereby granted, or intended to be granted or any post and parcel thereof; and all rents, houses, services and profits to them or any of them, or any part and parcel of them or any of them incident, belonging or in any wise appertaining and also all and every of the estate estates, rights, titles, claims, interests, and demands whatsoever of him the said William McMahan and Mary his wife of into or out of the said lands, tenements, Hereditiments, and premises hereby granted or mentioned to be granted, to any of them, or any part or parcel thereof to have and to hold the said lands, tenements, Hereditiments, and premises thereby granted, with their Appurtenances; to the said Martha Leman and ROBERT her son, their heirs and assigns for ever and the said William McMahan and Mary his wife, themselves, their heirs, executors, and Administrators doth hereby promise, covenant and agree that they the said William McMahan and Mary his Wife, their Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, shall and will at all times warrant and defend the said premises unto the said Martha Leman and ROBERT her son, their Heirs Assigns, against all lawful claims and demands whatsoever whereby the above mentioned premises might or may be affected or incumbered, contrary to the true intent and meaning of these premises. In Witness whereof the said William McMahan and Mary his wife have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day month and year first above mentioned.
Sign'd seal'd and delivered William McMahan SEAL
in the presence of her
William Hallum Mary O McMahan SEAL
Jennet Laman mark
James H. Dickson
Received from Martha Leman, and ROBERT her son, the sum of Forty Pounds, being the within Consideration Money. I say received by me January 1790.
Jennet Laman William McMahen
Memorandum The twenty-third of March 1790, before me John Wilson one of the Justices of the Peace for the county of Pendleton, personally came William Hollum, and being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God and on his oath sayeth, that he was present and did see William McMahan and Mary his wife sign, seal, and as their act and did deliver the within deed for the use and purposes within mentioned: and did also see with himself as witness to the same.
Sworn to before me the day and year above written John Wilson, JP William Hallum
(Recorded Aug 12, 1790)
Deed ROBERT LEMON Pendleton District S.C. 1808
State of South Carolina Know all men by these presents that
Pendleton District I Benjamin Mullings of the District and state aforesaid in consideration of sixty two and a half dollars to me in hand by ROBERT LEMMONS of P. District have granted bargained sold and released and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the said ROBERT LEMONS a certain tract or parcel of land situate on Twenty three mile creek sd to wit Beginning on a lightwood stake on Robert Simmons old line running thence N. 33. E. 12.00 to a B. Oak x3 thence S 7 C 33.00 to a corner on the bank of the creek thence down the creek 12 chains to a corner on Robert Simmons, thence N 57 33.00 to the lightwood stake at the beginning containing forty acres more or less together with all and singular the eighty members hereditiments and appurtenances to the said premises belonging or in anyway incident or appertaining to have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto the said ROBERT LEMONS his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby bind myself my heirs Executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and singular the said premises unto the said ROBERT LEMMONS his heirs and assigns and against myself and my heirs and against any person or persons whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part herein witness my hand and seal this Sixth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eight and on the thirty second year of American Independence
Signed sealed and delivered his
in Presence of Benjamin X Mulligan
G. Rankin marke
Pendleton District Personally appeared George Rankin before me and made oath that he saw Benjamin Mulligan execute the within deed the day and date above written and that Thomas Sheriff was a subscribing witness with himself Sworn to and witnessed this Sixth day of January 1808
Rt. McCann JP (Recorded 9th Jany 1808) G. Rankin
Deed ROBERT LEMON Pendleton Co., S. C. 1812
The State of South Carolina Know all men by these presents that
and Pendleton District I Michael Warneck of the State and District aforesaid for and in consideration of one hundred dollars to me payd by ROBERT LEMON and Matthew Warneck in the states and district aforesaid have granted and bargained and sold and released and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the sd ROBERT LEMON and Matthew Warneck a certain tract of land of ninety three acres more or less lying and situate of the waters of twenty three mile creek it being a part of a tract of land granted unto Hugh Warneck the first day of May one thousand seven Hundred and eighty six by his William Moultree Esqr. governor and commander in chief together with all and singular the rights member, Hereditiments and appurtenances to the sd persons before mentioned unto the said ROBERT LEMON and Matthew Warneck their heirs and assigns forever in the way and manner following that ROBERT LEMON is to hold fifty seven and three fourths acres joining his own land on the squares agreeable to plant for the same layed down by Robert McCann deputy surveyor and the remainder of sd tract of ninety three acres more or less to Matthews Warneck. And I do hereby bind myself my heirs, Executors, administrators and assigns to warrant and forever defend all and singular the sd premises unto the said ROBERT LEMON and Matthews Warneck their heirs and assigns against myself and my heirs and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof has witness my hand and seal this twenty eight day of February in the year Anno Domino one thousand and eight hundred and twelve and in the thirty six year of American Independence
Mich Warnick SEAL
Signed sealed and delivered in presence
of Thomas Orr Jno McKinney
Received from ROBERT LEMON one hundred dollars it being the full consideration money for the within mentioned as witness by hand and seal this eighth day of February 1812 Michl Warneck SEAL
Test Jno McKinney Thomas Orr
Pendeleton District Before the subscribing Justice personally appeared Thomas Orr and made oath he saw Michael Warneck execute the title in fee simple unto ROBERT LEMMON for the use and purpose in this mentioned and that John McKinney with himself swore subscribing witness to the same sworn to and subscribed this 28th of October 1812
Rt. McCann JP 18 October 1812 Thomas Orr
ROBERT LEMON 1814 Pendleton Dist., S.C. p. 249-50
Release The State of South Carolina Know all men by
William Humphries these presents that I William Humphries of
to Pendleton Dist in the state aforesaid in
ROBERT LEMON of the sum of five hundred Dollars to me paid
by ROBERT LEMON of the state aforesaid and
District aforesaid have granted bargained sold released and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the said ROBERT LEMON all that tract plantation or parcel of land lying or being the State and District aforesaid on the North side of Keoi River Beginning on the bank of such River on a white oak running thence N. 32 E 27 chains to a chestnut thence northwardly on a conditional line by a oake stationer thence a straight line to where it intersects Tates line on a stake thence Tates old line to a poplar in the bank of river thence down the said river to the beginning containing two hundred acres to the same more or less together with it and singular the rights members hereditiments and appurtenances to the said premises belonging or in anywise incident or appertaining To have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto the said ROBERT LEMONS his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby bind myself my heirs executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and in singular the said premises unto the said ROBERT LEMONS his heirs and assigns against myself and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part there of witness my hand and seal this first day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourteen and in the thirty ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America.
Signed sealed and delivered in Presence of
Test W. H. Hamilton
James Muligen William Humphries
The State of South T. William Edmundson one of the Justices of
Carolina District the Quorium of the Statute and District
aforesaid do hereby certify unto all whom it may concern that Sarah Humphries the wife of the within named William Humphries did this day appear before me and upon being privately and separately examined by me did declare that she does freely voluntarily and without any dread or fear of any persons whomsoever renounce release and forever relinquish unto the within named ROBERT LEMONS heirs and assigns all her interest and estate and also all her right and claim of Dower of in or at all and singular the premises within mentioned and released given under my hand and seal this 25th day of August Anno Domini 1814
Wm. Edmondson JP Sarah her X mark Humphries
State of South Carolina Personally appeared William K. Hamilton
Pendleton District before me and made oath in due form of
law that he did see William Humphries sign seal and as his act and deed deliver the within deed for the use and purposes therein mentioned and that James Mulligan was himself was a subscribing witness to the same sworn to and subscribed before me this twenty second day of August Anno Domini 1814
before me W. K. Hamilton
John Willson T U Recorded the 5th September 1814
Georgia ) In the name of God Amen. I ROBERT LEMON
DeKalb County) of advanced age and knowing the uncertainty of life, and being desirous of making suitable arrangements of the property that a kind providence has blest me with, I do hereby make, publish, and declare, the following to be my last will and Testament.
I resign my soul to Go who gave it, through the interposition of a kind Savior, and my body to buried in a manner that my friends may think best.
1st. I give and bequeath to my beloved and faithful wife MARY LEMON, the plantation where on I now live during her natural life; then to be sold and the proceeds to be equally divided among my children that are now living; also I give to her all my household and kitchen furniture, together with my negro boy Henry, sixteen years of age, also my spon horse and I desire her to have a child's part of the balance of my property and effect.
2nd. It is my will and desire that all my property both real and personal (except what has before been released, be sold on a credit of twelve months and all my debts to be paid, the balance to be divided amongst my children in the following manner, James Lemon, Anna Pitts, Jane Davis, John Lemon, Robert Lemon, and Mary Harris each one to have an equal share and I desire Martha Hamilton to have an equal share (but on account of her husbands misfortune) her part to go to her separate and sole use during her natural life, and then to descent to the heirs of her body.
3rd. It is my desire and will that Robert Robuck, son of my daughter Elizabeth Robuck, died, have one hundred dollars when he comes of age, and that the interest of said hundred dollars, be laid out annually for his education.
4th. I desire Willis Robuck to have ten dollars out of my estate.
5th. I desire Daniel Johnson to have ten dollars out of my estate.
6th. I lastly and do hereby constitute and appoint my son James Lemon, my sole executor of this my last will and testament. In testimony where of I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal, this the nineteenth day of December in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty three. Signed and sealed in presence of ROBERT LEMON
Patrick his X mark Porter
Georgia ) Court of ordinary January Term 1844
DeKalb County) Personally appeared in open court John Johnson, Edwin Plaster and Patrick Porter, and after being duly sworn and said that they saw the within named ROBERT LEMON, sign, seal, publish, and declare the within to be his last will and Testament and that the within named Testator was at the time of signing the same of sound disposing mind and memory and that they assigned the same as witnesses in the presence of the Testator and in the presence of each other.
Sworn to in open court John Johnson
January 4th 1844 Edwin Plaster
E. B. Reynolds cca Patrick his X mark Porter
Information from Betty Lemon Brenner:
The dates for the children for ROBERT LEMON & MARY ANDERSON are from the Lemon family bible in the possession of her sister Jean Ann Lemon.
ROBERT LEMON, a native of S.C., prosperous farmer, Revolutionary Soldier 1790 - gave his name as ROBERT LEMMON in First SC Census
1793 - married MARY ANDERSON. Was an officer in Carmel Presbyterian Church, Pendleton District, SC
1818 - Moved to Decatur, GA. Was a trustee and officer in the Presbyterian Church there later.
Daughters marriages: Anne A. Lemon married Pitts
Martha Lemon married Hamilton
Mary Lemon married Harris
Maria Lemon married Johnson
ROBERT LEMON Sr. moved to Georgia from Pendleton District near Anderson, S.C. He was one of the first Elders of Carmel Presbyterian Church founded in 1800.
ROBERT LEMON who married Mary Anderson in 1793 was born in 1768. Jane (Jeanette) married William Walker and Narcissa who married William Lewis lived and died in Chester, S.C.
James Lemon was born in 1779 and married Louisa Croft and lived and died in Charleston, S.C. Their children were Edward:, Wm. Walker, a prominent merchant of the firm of Browning & Lemon of Charleston, S.C. before the Civil War; Robert John: Charles: Franklin: Jane who never married: Martha who married Mr. Raven.
ROBERT LEMON Sr. was born 1768, MARY ANDERSON LEMON, March 28, 1770: James Lemon, son of ROBERT LEMON was born June 3rd, 1794. Jane Lemon Davis was born Nov. 27, 1797. Martha Lemon Hamilton February 23, 1799. John Lemon was born Feb. 8, 1801. Robert Lemon Jr. was born January 29, 1803. Elizabeth Lemon Robuck January 8, 1805. Mary Lemon Harris, March 21, 1807. Maria Lemon Johnson, March 26, 1809. Anna Lemon Pitts, September 9, 1795. ROBERT LEMON and MARY ANDERSON were married in 1793.
From papers from Mark Lemon
ROBERT, the oldest son, was born in 1768. As was the custom at this time, he became head of the household in 1780 on the death of his father. ROBERT was 12 years old when his father died as a result of his wounds from the Battle of Moncks Corner.
In a Legislative Petition, #101, dated October 15, 1788, we find ROBERT LEMONTís signature along with 50 other men. In this Petition they stated they had participated in the Revolutionary War at the very end and asked for payment for their service. They did not receive the pay they requested. In this petition, ROBERT signed his name "LEMMON".
The first census was taken in 1790 and shows that ROBERT LEMON owned one slave. (The 1790 census is the first time we find the name spelled "LEMON".) Because the colonial government had no money, General Sumter paid many who served under him by giving them slaves. This would account for the slave that is counted in the Lemon Family on the 1790 and 1800 census.
It appears the ROBERT was a hard working and a good business man. He added 510 acres to the original 300 granted to the family when they arrived in South Carolina.
From the Chester County Deeds direct index it shows that ROBERT LEMANT (LEMAN) bought the following property:
Bk A - pg. 249 - 1789 - 50 acres
Bk A - pg. 509 - 1788 - 100 acres
Bk A - pg. 7 - 1795 - 105 acres
From State Grants records it shows that ROBERT LEMON was granted the following property:
Vol. 9, pg 56 - Camden District 100 acres (1786, Feb. 11th)
Vol. 15, pg. 166 - Camden District 155 acres (1876, Oct. 2nd)
State Plats (corresponding to above grants:
Vol 18 of pg. 196 - 100 acres
Vol 7 of pg. 166 - 155 acres
Both of these plats and deeds are very interesting. They record who owns the surrounding land and any creeks or roads that run through them. In studying the Mills Atlas Maps of Chester and Pendleton district (1800-1825) one can place the plats of land on the maps. The maps give names of people, houses, towns, churches, roads, creeks, and rivers. Unfortunately the name Lemon doesnít appear. By tedious means, which I will not go into, it is usually possible to pinpoint the location of the land owned.
ROBERT married MARY ANDERSON in 1793. In studying the census one can see who their neighbors were. The Anderson name appears on the Mills Atlas Map which indicates that Anderson and Lemons lived fairly close together.
According to the Indirect Index to Deeds, ROBERT began selling his land in Chester county in the late 1780ís. He sold more of his Chester County land after he moved to the Pendleton District.
Chester Indirect Deed: June 16, 1788; ROBERT LEMONS to George Head for 100 pounds for 100 acres on Sandy River.
MARTHA & ROBERT LEMONDS to Sanuel Lacey 300 acres Sealy Fork on Sandy River (Original Royal Grant)
ROBERT LEMONDS of Pendleton District to Sam Lewis 77 acres between rock Creek a Fishing Creek, signed by ROBERT LEMON and MARY LEMON, in 1825.
I know he sold more, but cannot find my notes on it.
The Lemon family is found on the 1800 Pendleton District Census.
1 male under 10; 1 male 26045
3 females under 10; 1 female 26-45
After moving to Pendleton District, ROBERT LEMON purchased at least 200 acres of land there.
Land bought by ROBERT LEMON in Pendleton District - Indirect Index to Deeds:
Bengi Mulligan to ROBERT LEMON of Pendleton District land Ė 40 acres on 23 Mile Creek $62.50. This land bordered on land owned by ROBERT (Information from Plat) recorded in July 1808, Vol I pg. 124 & Vol M pg 274.
Release Wm. Humphries to ROBERT LEMON for $500, 200 acres for land o Northside of Keowe River 1814 (I was able to locate this land by the Plat as the Keowe Indian trail ran through one corner.)
The 1820 census from Pendleton provides the following information about Robert Lemonís family:
1 male 0-10; 2 males 10-16; 1 male over 26
3 females 0- 0; 1 female 10-16, 1 female over 26
The family attended Hopewell Church which was known as the Old Stone Church, (Hopewell and Carmel Church merged.) I believe it is still standing. From the history of the Presbyterian Church (Vol II p. 303 Carmel Church 1817) ROBERT LEMON was ordained elder.
From the Pendleton Messenger, the local newspaper, we find announcements of the marriages of ROBERT and MARYís daughters: Ann, Jane, and Martha.
ROBERT LEMON moved his family to Georgia between the years of 1825 and 1829. In Georgia he received land from the Cherokee Land Lottery. We have the records of ROBERT LEMON selling his land in Pendleton District.
Deeds from Anderson Co. (Pendleton District having been carved into counties):
ROBERT LEMON to John Elliott Vol I pg. 253 (?his son-in-law)
ROBERT LEMON to Joseph Pitts Vol I pg. 394 (a son-in-law)
ROBERT LEMON to Salomon Lampston Vol U pg 122, 1834
I cannot find my notes on the last land ROBERT sold in the 1830ís but I do remember it was around 12 acres (possibly the homestead).